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Table 6 Covid-19 Lockdown’s Taxonomy based on three economy-related types of activities in 2020 (1. groceries & pharmacies 2. retail & recreation areas 3. workplaces)

From: Big data insight on global mobility during the Covid-19 pandemic lockdown

Lockdown type Key features Representative case
Cyclic type lockdown Intense few-day long lockdown reoccurring every second or third month with more than four in a year Argentina: (Fig. 10)
(Several) Distinct type lockdown Less than four few-day long lockdowns (randomly distributed except spring and autumn windows) with more than two in a year Australia: (Fig. 11)
Gradual return to full activity Single intense spring time lockdown with very slow recovery pattern throughout the entire year Bangladesh: (Fig. 12)
Main lockdown followed by selective workplaces reduction All types of activity lockdown followed by second selective lockdown with reduction only in the workplaces Cameroon: (Fig. 13)
Minimal but steady reduction of activity Except initial spring time, a more intense reduction lockdown limited mainly to workplaces with reduced activity throughout the year with mediocre intensity between 20 and 30% (compared to normal) and an additional selective autumn lockdown for retail and recreational areas Germany: (Fig. 14) Spain: (Fig. 15)
Retail and Recreation type lockdown Big focus on intense reduction of activity in retail and recreational areas. Workplaces lockdown limited throughout the year with significant reduction only in the main spring time lockdown. Groceries and pharmacies activity normal or even high, except spring time total lockdown India: (Fig. 16)
Two main lockdowns with additional short drop in activity Two main lockdowns (spring and autumn) with additional shorter randomly distributed third lockdown Israel: (Fig. 17)
Turkey: (Fig. 18)
Two main lockdowns with summer work activity decrease Two main lockdown (spring and autumn) with additional shorter workplaces activity reduction in the summer. It is combined with extra activity in retail and recreational areas as well as groceries and pharmacies Italy: (Fig. 19)
Poland: (Fig. 20)
Single intense lockdown Single intense spring time lockdown with almost normal activity in the rest of the year except one or two outliers which last for only few days (NZ accomplished total eradication of the virus) Mauritius: (Fig. 21)
New Zealand: (Fig. 22)
Two intense lockdowns Two very intense lockdowns (spring and autumn) of comparable duration and intensity Myanmar: (Fig. 23)
Summer time lockdown Second lockdown is in the middle of the year, with overall intensity higher than in the initial spring time lockdown Norway: (Fig. 24)
Sweden: (Fig. 25)
Full year intense lockdown Full year very intense lockdown with comparable intensity throughout the year except spring time total lockdown Philippines: (Fig. 26)
Second half of the year lockdown Main lockdown in the second half of the year (usually autumn) with additional minimal lockdown in the spring Tanzania: (Fig. 27)
Full year lockdown with medium intensity Spring time total lockdown with additional workplaces activity reduction throughout the year and medium intensity of between 35 and 40% (compared to normal) with additional full year minimal reduction of activity for retail and recreational areas USA: (Fig. 28)
Russia: (Fig. 29)
Medium intensity lockdown with unusual workplaces activity increase Spring time total lockdown with additional selective reduction of activity for retail and recreational areas throughout the year. Workplaces activity increased in weeks prior to main lockdown and higher than normal in the following months (with normal activity in the rest of the year). This unusual activity pattern can be found only in one country or state (out of those analyzed by Google): Vietnam Vietnam: (Fig. 30)