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Table 2 Number of negative news reported from January 2012 to May 2018 among the 35,657 firms investigated in this study

From: Prediction of ESG compliance using a heterogeneous information network

CategoryNo. of news storiesUnique firms
Product/service20,6378779
Regulatory21,6527552
Financial22,7543310
Fraud14,4893997
Workforce75233963
Management11,2204063
Anti-competitive77483620
Information64012873
Workplace68272492
Discrimination-workforce64772426
Environmental40831887
Ownership41242615
Production-supply28781869
Corruption36211578
Human496302
Sanctions254157
Association24790
  1. “No. of news stories” represents the total number of negative news stories for a particular negative news category. “Unique firms” represents the total number of unique firms tagged with a particular negative news category