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Table 4 Statistical indices of different models

From: ANN based short-term traffic flow forecasting in undivided two lane highway

Model Error CFE Theil’s U statistic
MAE MAPE (%) VAPE (%) MPE U1 U2
M1 1.93 0.9010 0.0221 − 0.6872 − 32.068 0.0031 0.0450
M2 2.14 0.9917 0.0265 − 0.8014 − 38.081 0.0056 1.3689
M3 1.26 0.5889 0.0287 − 0.4358 − 20.459 0.0041 0.9605
M4 1.84 0.0386 0.0029 − 0.8498 − 40.538 0.0050 0.0441
M5 3.73 1.7325 0.2774 − 1.1564 − 52.574 0.0102 0.9964
M6 1.64 0.7689 0.0268 − 0.3665 − 16.559 0.0046 0.0425
M7 2.06 0.9546 12.690 − 0.1373 − 5.1569 1.7368 0.0563
M8 2.32 1.0963 0.0369 − 0.9114 − 42.496 3.08E−05 0.0588
M9 3.13 1.4442 0.0607 − 0.5223 − 25.028 0.0096 0.0811
M10 11.18 5.2393 0.1217 − 3.7443 − 169.104 0.0279 0.2455
M11 11.41 5.3393 0.1241 − 3.6870 − 165.905 0.0285 0.2539
M12 0.77 0.3569 0.0102 − 0.3158 − 14.937 0.0020 0.0180