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Table 4 Accuracy comparison of regression problems

From: Forecast of complex financial big data using model tree optimized by bilevel evolution strategy

  Air quality Energy predict Electrical
stability
Gas sensor Election result
Train Test Train Test Train Test Train Test Train Test
Linear regression 0.49 0.45 0.16 0.16 0.65 0.64 0.58 0.59 0.98 0.98
Lasso regression 0.47 0.46 0.15 0.15 0.08 0.08 0.58 0.58 0.98 0.98
Partial minimum error 0.48 0.45 0.15 0.14 0.65 0.64 0.56 0.56 0.98 0.98
Neural network 0.65 0.61 0.57 0.30 0.87 0.85 0.67 0.61 0.60 0.60
XG boost 0.78 0.58 0.74 0.38 0.97 0.93 0.84 0.84 1.00 1.00
Bilevel GA by related work 0.50 0.49 0.59 0.48 0.72 0.60 0.70 0.64 0.95 0.93
Bilevel GA by this study 0.79 0.69 0.76 0.61 0.98 0.95 0.91 0.89 1.00 1.00