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Table 1 Summary of non-supervised learning methods

From: A survey on data‐efficient algorithms in big data era

Non-supervised Learning paradigms Non-supervised Learning techniques References
Semi-Supervised Learning Self-labeled Methods [76,77,78, 81,82,83]
Graph-based Methods [85, 88, 90]
Extended supervised
Methods
[90, 92, 93],94,95, 100,101,102]
Unsupervised Representation learning Transformation-Equivariant Representations [103,104,105,106]
Self-supervised methods [108110]
Generative methods [130, 141]
Reinforcement Learning Model-based methods [303, 306, 307]
Policy-based methods [305, 308]