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Table 5 Comparison with previous research

From: Sleep stage classification using extreme learning machine and particle swarm optimization for healthcare big data

Paper Dataset Method Accuracy
HRV DFA HRV + DFA HRV + DFA + WDFA
Werteni et al. [22] MITBPD ELM 76.29% 73.48% 78.33%
BPNN 73.81% 71.07% 76.74%
SVM 76.03% 73.21% 78.12%
Adnane et al. [20] MITBPD SVM (12 features) 79.31%
SVM (10 features) 79.99%
Our paper MITBPD ELM and PSO 82.1%